The Children of Zeus

Apollo, son of Zeus and one of the major Olympian deities, is the God of voyages.

The Apollo space program got its name from the image of Apollo riding his chariot across the sun.

It was the sheer audacity of President Kennedy’s speech in September 1962 which launched the Apollo program. A speech in which he declared, “We choose to go to the moon, 240,000 miles away using  a giant rocket more than 300 feet tall, the length of this football field, made of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented, capable of standing heat and stresses several times more than have ever been experienced, fitted together with a precision better than the finest watch, carrying all the equipment needed for propulsion, guidance, control, communications, food and survival, on an untried mission, to an unknown celestial body, and then return it safely to earth, re-entering the atmosphere at speeds of over 25,000 miles per hour, causing heat about half that of the temperature of the sun and do all this, and do it right, and do it first before this decade is out–then we must be bold.” 

A speech that was made based on US’s first manned space flight a year earlier (Alan Shephard, May 1961). A speech that shifted the goal post from near-earth space fights to a manned flight to the moon within the decade.

It was July 20th 1969 and humanity had come together as one. The Apollo Space program had succeeded in placing Man on the moon. Humanity had finally left its cradle. As a school kid, I accompanied my father to the US Information Services (USIS) center near Mandi House in Delhi. A crowd that milled around was gaping at a full size model of the Lunar Module which had successfully landed on the moon, allowing astronaut Neil Armstrong to step onto the lunar surface and utter those famous words, “ That’s one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for Mankind”. These words, successfully relayed over radio stations all around the world, were uniting Mankind like never before. As a child, I could sense that from the manner strangers were excitedly speaking to each other as they pointed to features of the lunar craft named Eagle. Going to school over the next few days, I recall the exhilarating discussions of my classmates vying with each other about how many newspaper cuttings of the momentous event and the grainy photos they had managed to cut out and paste into their scrapbooks.


The other day, I did a day excursion to NASA’s Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral. For me the trip was a pilgrimage, growing up as I had in the sixties and seventies. When Space travel and Moon landings were what our dreams were made of. When our imaginations were fuelled by the stories of Isaac Asimov, Arthur C. Clarke and Robert Heinlein.

As I stood looking at the full-scale exhibit of the Saturn V Rocket that had powered the Apollo missions as well as the replica of the spacecraft that had successfully carried astronauts to the moon and back more than half a century ago, deep emotions stirred within me.

In the sixties when computing, communication and control systems were so rudimentary, I realised the awesomeness of the belief and effort that not only used brute rocket force to hurtle a spacecraft with astronauts beyond earth’s gravity, it could also deploy fine navigational controls to land the lunar module onto the moon surface and then lift off with the astronauts to dock with the orbiting command module before bringing them back to earth. It was the sheer cowboy-like bravado and risk of a journey into the unknown that had brought up the emotions.

NASA Command & Control center for the Apollo missions

” The Eagle has landed!”

Which brings me to the story of Artemis. In mythology, Artemis, the Goddess of the Moon and daughter of Zeus, is the twin sister of Apollo.

An apt name for Humanity’s next phase of exploring the unknown depths of space. Artemis is all about NASA’s vision to return to the moon after half a century. Artemis would deploy the cutting-edge technological advancements in computing, communications, robotics and materials of this century to not only put men and women on the moon but take them on manned flights to Mars and beyond. The Artemis vision incorporates sustainability, international cooperation and involvement of a plethora of private sub-contractors for developing innovative mission equipment and processes.

The following is an extract from the US Presidential Memorandum on reinvigorating America’s Human Space Exploration program:

“Lead an innovative and sustainable program of exploration with commercial and international partners to enable human expansion across the solar system and to bring back to Earth new knowledge and opportunities. Beginning with missions beyond low-Earth orbit, the United States will lead the return of humans to the Moon for long-term exploration and utilization, followed by human missions to Mars and other destinations.”

The Artemis initiative envisages the use of a powerful Space Launch System, the Orion spacecraft, a lunar space station similar to the International Space Station called the Gateway circling the moon, reusable human landing systems onto the lunar surface as well as a lunar basecamp. An initiative designed to leverage experience, technologies and mindset from Man’s return to the moon in 2024, to eventually make the quantum leap to Mars and beyond.

In the words of NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine, “Pushing the boundaries of space exploration, science, and technology once again, America is on the verge of exploring more of the Moon than ever before. This new era of lunar exploration is called Artemis. Named after the twin sister of Apollo, she is the Goddess of the Moon, and we are the Artemis Generation.”

Could it be that Man’s destiny to the stars remains inexorably linked to the son and daughter of Zeus?

In Learning……..                                   Shakti Ghosal

Acknowledgment: ‘The ARTEMIS Plan – NASA’s lunar exploration program overview’, Sept. 2020

Author: Shakti Ghosal

* A PCC Credentialed Executive Coach mentor and trainer for leaders & performance. * A qualified engineer and a PGDM (Faculty Gold medalist) from IIM Bangalore. * Four decades of industry experience spanning Engineering, Maintenance, Projects, Consumer durables, Supply Chains, Aviation and Tourism. * Top level management positions to drive business development, strategy, alliances all around the globe. * A visiting faculty at the IIMs. *A passion to envision trends & disseminate Leadership incubation globally. , * . +91 - 9051787576

10 thoughts on “The Children of Zeus”

  1. Shakti, very well written experience at the NASA’s Kennedy Space Centre, Cape Canaveral.

    Your detailed description of America’s space program of the sixties and seventies makes me very nostalgic about the fact that in those days we were asked in the schools to draw pictures of the lunar module Eagle and I remember I had drawn one – which was hung in the living room of our bungalow were we used to stay in Bihar, now Jharkhand.
    Will definitely look forward to visiting this place in future.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Dear Joydeep,

      Thank you for your appreciative and personal experience-based comment. Your nostalgia resonates as it is exactly how I felt when I visited Kennedy Space Center after all these decades. Truly it was a pilgrimage for me and I articulated it so. Thank you once again for your kind presence here. And yes, you need to visit as the place would definitely live up to your expectations.



  2. Shankti, very well written experience at the NASA’s Kennedy Space Centre, Cape Canaveral.

    Your detailed description of America’s space program of the sixties and seventies makes me very nostalgic about the fact that in those days we were asked in the schools to draw pictures of the lunar module Eagle and I remember I had drawn one – which was hung in the living room of our bungalow were we used to stay in Bihar, now Jharkhand.
    Will definitely look forward to visiting this place in future.


    1. Hi Joydeep,

      Thank you for your comment. I regret I had missed responding to it earlier. I loved your musing on growing up with the American Space program in the sixties and seventies.It resonated so much with me.


  3. Shakthi,
    A fine write up that described the our excitement on The Apollo missions.
    Looking back it was beyond awesome considering that the computing power in that era was so less compared to the present. Truly it was Kennedy’s very strong motivation and commitment that saw that happen from statement of purpose to actual fulfilment within a span of 8 years. Enjoyed your narration.
    Best wishes.


    1. Hi Sridhar,

      Loved your comment. I remain totally in alignment with what you have said.

      Leadership is really all about envisioning a future that would not have happened otherwise and then having the conviction and resilience to move forward. The example of the Apollo mission was arguably one of the finest examples of this in the twentieth century.


      Shakti Ghosal


  4. Sir,
    I read the full text opened with the link. I enjoyed the visit to NASA through your eyes.
    My regards,
    Tapas De, Newtown


  5. Have read quite a few writings on man’s moon landing.But the way Shakti Da has interwoven this landmark( in fact moon mark) giant humanity leap forward with his early youth ( with stars in eyes) and then integrated it with Greek mythology coupled with scientific advancements, the reading of his muse becomes a humanly possible cosmic experience.And then his Nasa visit that may well be called his revisit. Only Shakti da can paint with so many colours with each colour expressing through so vividly.


    1. Dear Om,

      Thank you for your kind comment and acknowledgment. The words of the post came to me as I stood there looking at the fifty year old Saturn V rocket and lunar lander used so many decades back.




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